Read the passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 7 to 14.
The sculptural legacy that the new United States inherited from its colonial predecessors was far from a rich one, and in fact, in 1776 sculpture as an art form was still in the hand of artisans and craftspeople. Stone carvers engraved their motifs of skulls and crossbones and other religious icons of death into the gray slabs that we still see standing today in old burial grounds. Some skilled craftspeople made intricately carved wooden ornamentations for furniture or architectural decorations, while others carved wooden shop signs and ships' figureheads. Although they often achieved expression and formal excellence in their generally primitive style, they remained artisans skilled inthe craft of carving and constituted a group distinct from what we normally think of as "sculptors" in today's use of the word. On the rare occasion when a fine piece of sculpture was desired, Americans turned to foreign sculptors, as in the 1770's when the cities of New York and Charleston, South Carolina, commissioned the Englishman Joseph Wilton to make marble statues of William Pitt. Wilton also made a lead equestrian image of King George III that was created in New York in 1770 and torn down by zealous patriots six years later. A few marble memorials with carved busts, urns, or other decorations were produced in England and brought to the colonies to be set in the walls of churches - as in King's Chapel in Boston. But sculpture as a high art, practiced by artists who knew both the artistic theory of their RenaissanceBaroque-Rococo predecessors and the various technical procedures of modeling,
casting, and carving rich three-dimensional forms, was not known among Americans in 1776. Indeed, for many years thereafter, the United States had two groups from which to choose - either the local craftspeople or the imported talent of European sculptors. The eighteenth century was not one in which powered sculptural conceptions were developed. Add to this the timidity with which unschooled artisans originally trained as stonemasons, carpenters, or cabinetmakers - attacked the medium from which they sculpture made in the United States in the late eighteenth century.
How did the work of American carvers in 1776 differ from that of contemporary sculptors?
It was less time-consuming
It was more expensive.
It was less refined.
It was more dangerous.
C. It was less refined.
Tác phẩm của thợ chạm khắc người Mỹ năm 1776 khác với tác phẩm của các nhà điêu khắc đương đại như thế nào?
A. Nó ít tốn thời gian hơn.
B. Nó đắt hơn.
C. Nó ít lỗi lạc, tinh chế hơn.
D. Nó nguy hiểm hơn.
Thông tin: But sculpture as a high art, practiced by artists who knew both the artistic theory of their RenaissanceBaroque-Rococo predecessors and the various technical procedures of modeling, casting, and carving rich threedimensional forms, was not known among Americans in 1776. Indeed, for many years thereafter, the United States
had two groups from which to choose - either the local craftspeople or the imported talent of European sculptors.
Tạm dịch: Nhƣng nghệ thuật điêu khắc cấp cao, thực hiện bởi các nghệ nhân có hiểu biết về cả lý thuyết kiến trúc
Baroque-Rococo thời Phục Hưng và các kĩ năng chế tác như làm mẫu vật, đổ khuôn và khắc 3D, lại không được
biết đến bởi người Mỹ những năm 1776. Thực tế, nhiều năm sau đó, Mỹ vẫn có hai nhóm người để chọn lựa: thợ
thủ công địa phương và những nghệ nhân điêu khắc tài năng đến từ châu Âu.
Yêu cầu Vàng miễn phí ngay bây giờ!
Với Gold, bạn có thể đặt câu hỏi cho Diễn đàn bao nhiêu tùy thích, bạn biết đấy.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines the pair ofsentences given in each of the following questions. His academic record at high school was poo...
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to incorrect answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42: Smart cards and mobile phones are becoming an increasing...
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaningto each of the following sentences. He survived the operation thanks to the skillful surgeon.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each ofthe following questions. I know that if I start watching a soap opera, I immediately be...
©2023 Kienguru. Đã đăng ký bản quyền
Chính sách bảo mật
Điều khoản và điều kiện