Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer
to each of the questions.
Nepal has made important progress over the past few years to promote equality, but the country still has one
of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. 41% of Nepalese girls are married before the age of 18.
Poverty is both a cause and consequence of child marriage in Nepal. Girls from the wealthiest families marry
2 years later than those from the poorest, who are seen as an economic burden, and who drop out of school and earn
Food insecurity plays an important role too. Nepalese families that do not have enough food to eat are more
likely to marry their daughters at a young age to decrease the financial burden. One study shows that 91% of
people who had secure access to food married over the age of 19.
Dowry is also common practice in many communities. Parents marry their daughters as soon as possible
because the money they have to pay to the groom‟s family is higher if their daughter is older. Since 2010, the legal
age of marriage is 20 for both men and women, or 18 with parental consent, according to the Nepalese Country
The law states that punishment for child marriage is imprisonment for up to three years and a fine of up to
10,000 rupees (£102). But reports suggest that this law is rarely applied. There has been quite a lot of progress in
Nepal over the past 3 years with a clear government commitment to ending child marriage and civil society
cooperation. The Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare is currently developing Nepal‟s first national
strategy on child marriage in collaboration with UNICEF Nepal and Girls Not Brides Nepal. However, the postearthquake and post-fuel crisis environment has meant progress is slow and the national strategy has been delayed.
(Adapted from http://www.girlsnotbrides.org/)
It can be inferred from the passage _________.
The government is not doing much to put an end to child marriage
Nepal had the highest overall prevalence of child marriage in the world
Families want to marry their daughters soon to earn money
The recent earthquake was negative for the eradication of child marriage
D.The recent earthquake was negative for the eradication of child marriage
Điều gì có thể được suy ra từ bài đọc _________.
A. Chính phủ không làm gì nhiều để chấm dứt hôn nhân trẻ em
B. Nepal có tỷ lệ kết hôn trẻ em cao nhất thế giới
C. Gia đình muốn cưới con gái sớm để kiếm tiền
D. Trận động đất gần đây thì tiêu cực tới việc việc xóa bỏ hôn nhân ở trẻ em
Thông tin: However, the post-earthquake and post-fuel crisis environment has meant progress is slow and the
national strategy has been delayed.
Tạm dịch: Tuy nhiên, hoàn cảnh sau động đất và sau khủng hoảng nhiên liệu có nghĩa là tiến độ (chấm dứt hôn
nhân ở trẻ em) chậm và chiến lược quốc gia đã bị trì hoãn.
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