Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to the following questions.
Very few people in the modern world obtain their food supply by hunting and gathering in the natural environment surrounding their homes. This method of harvesting from nature‟s provision is the oldest known subsistence strategy and has been practised for at least the last two million years. It was, indeed, the only way to obtain food until rudimentary farming and the domestication of wild animals were introduced about 10,000 years ago.Because hunter-gatherers have fared poorly in comparison with their agricultural cousins, their numbers have dwindled, and they have been forced to live in marginal environments, such as deserts and arctic wastelands. In higher latitudes, the shorter growing seasons have restricted the availability of plant life. Such conditions have caused a greater dependence on hunting, and on fishing along the coasts and waterways. The abundance of vegetation in the lower latitudes of the tropics, on the other hand, has provided a greater opportunity for gathering a variety of plants. In short, the environmental differences have restricted the diet and have limited possibilities for the development of subsistence societies.Contemporary hunter-gatherers may help us understand our prehistoric ancestors. We know from the observation of modern hunter-gatherers in both Africa and Alaska that a society based on hunting and gathering must be very mobile. While the entire community camps in a central location, a smaller party harvests the food within a reasonable distance from the camp. When the food in the area has become exhausted, the community moves on to exploit another site. We also notice seasonal migration patterns evolving for most hunter-gatherers,
along with a strict division of labor between the sexes. These patterns of behavior may be similar to those practised by mankind during the Paleolithic Period.
In the lower latitudes of the tropics, hunter-gatherers ________.
can free themselves from hunting
live along the coasts and waterways for fishing
have better food gathering from nature
harvest shorter seasonal crops
C.have better food gathering from nature
Ở các vĩ độ thấp hơn của vùng nhiệt đới, người săn bắt hái lượm ________.
A. có thể tự thoát khỏi việc săn bắn
B. sống dọc theo bờ biển và kênh rạch để câu cá
C. thu thập lương thực tốt hơn từ thiên nhiên
D. thu hoạch mùa vụ ngắn hơn
Thông tin: The abundance of vegetation in the lower latitudes of the tropics, on the other hand, has provided a greater opportunity for gathering a variety of plants.
Tạm dịch: Mặt khác, sự phong phú của thảm thực vật ở những vùng vĩ độ thấp của vùng nhiệt đới lại cung cấp một cơ hội lớn hơn cho việc hái lượm nhiều loại thực vật khác nhau.
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