Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to the following questions.
Very few people in the modern world obtain their food supply by hunting and gathering in the natural environment surrounding their homes. This method of harvesting from nature‟s provision is the oldest known subsistence strategy and has been practised for at least the last two million years. It was, indeed, the only way to obtain food until rudimentary farming and the domestication of wild animals were introduced about 10,000 years ago.Because hunter-gatherers have fared poorly in comparison with their agricultural cousins, their numbers have dwindled, and they have been forced to live in marginal environments, such as deserts and arctic wastelands. In higher latitudes, the shorter growing seasons have restricted the availability of plant life. Such conditions have caused a greater dependence on hunting, and on fishing along the coasts and waterways. The abundance of vegetation in the lower latitudes of the tropics, on the other hand, has provided a greater opportunity for gathering a variety of plants. In short, the environmental differences have restricted the diet and have limited possibilities for the development of subsistence societies.Contemporary hunter-gatherers may help us understand our prehistoric ancestors. We know from the observation of modern hunter-gatherers in both Africa and Alaska that a society based on hunting and gathering must be very mobile. While the entire community camps in a central location, a smaller party harvests the food within a reasonable distance from the camp. When the food in the area has become exhausted, the community moves on to exploit another site. We also notice seasonal migration patterns evolving for most hunter-gatherers,
along with a strict division of labor between the sexes. These patterns of behavior may be similar to those practised by mankind during the Paleolithic Period.
The word “domestication” in the first paragraph mostly means ________.
making wild animals used to living with and working for humans
hatching and raising new species of wild animals in the home
teaching animals to do a particular job or activity in the home
adapting animals to suit a new working environment
A.making wild animals used to living with and working for humans
Từ “domestication” trong đoạn đầu tiên có nghĩa là ___________.domestication (n): sự thuần hóa
A. làm cho động vật hoang dã quen với việc sống và làm việc cho con ngƣời
B. ấp nở và nuôi các loài động vật hoang dã mới trong nhà
C. dạy động vật làm một công việc hoặc hoạt động cụ thể trong nhà
D. huấn luyện các con vật để làm việc trong môi trường mới
Thông tin: It was, indeed, the only way to obtain food until rudimentary farming and the domestication of wild animals were introduced about 10,000 years ago.
Tạm dịch: Thực sự, đó là cách duy nhất để có được thức ăn cho đến khi canh tác nông nghiệp và thuần hóa động vật hoang dã đã ra đời cách đây khoảng 10.000 năm trước.
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